Thursday, January 30, 2020
Autobiography Essay My name is Asella Ware, I am 16 years old. My birthday is November 12, 1996; I was born in Pontiac Michigan. My parentÃ¢â¬â¢s names are Tonya King and Joseph Ware. My parents are separated and remarried. I have 2 brothers and 1 sister. My brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s name is Joseph he is 11 years old, the other one is Ajene he is 13 years old. My sister is Laneyna she is 18 years old. My child hood I went to Webster Elementary and Webb Elementary. I started elementary at Webster in Pontiac, then I went to go live with my dad and I went to Webb in Ferndale. My elementary years were good I got good grades and got student of the month multiple times. For Middle school I moved back with my mom and I went to Academy Of Waterford my 6th grade year. For my 7th and 8th grade year I went to Walton Charter Academy. Thru my whole middle school years I had a wonderful experience a better one at Walton then Academy of Waterford. I got decent grades and experienced a lot. I also received Student of the month in middle school. All my life from elementary to High school I excelled and am recognized. I got student of the month multiple times thru my elementary to junior high. In 6th grade I went Georgia for a week to attend a business program and I received an award for finishing. It was a great experience. My freshman year I was choosing as a National leader and I attended a conference for 3 days. Since I was in elementary I always been on the Honor roll. I was always interested in what the world has to offer and what I could offer the world; itÃ¢â¬â¢s been my dream since middle school. IÃ¢â¬â¢m interested in writing; writing to me is like an escape. When I was in elementary I made 2 books, in middle school I was acknowledge for a few papers I wrote. Writing is usually something people hate doing they dread doing papers and poems especially. I believe writing is a way to show the world and everyone who you really are. Writing is the only interest and hobby I do out of school. Today, I am a student at the Pontiac High School in Pontiac, Michigan. I am in the eleventh grade, and if everything goes well, I will graduate in June of 2014. After graduation, I plan on attending college. My dreams are to attend college and get my degree in Social Work and psychology. I am very hopeful about my future. I believe that I will have a very successful future and all my dreams and goals will come thru. Finally , I have to thank my family my mom , my dad , and my grandma , for always believing in me and helping me accomplish my goals.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
President Harry S. Truman's Executive Order 9981 On July 26, 1948, President Harry S. Truman orders the desegregation of the Armed Forces by Executive Order 9981. Prior to Harry Truman passing the Executive Order 9981 on February 2, 1948 he asked Congress to create a permanent FEPC, and in December 1946, he appointed a distinguished panel to serve as the President's Commission on Civil Rights, which would recommend "more adequate means and procedures for the protection of the civil rights of the people of the United States." The Commission noted the many restrictions on blacks, and urged that each person, regardless of race, color or national origin, should have access to equal opportunity in securing education, decent housing and jobs. Harry Truman sent a special message to Congress on February 2, 1948 calling for prompt implementation of the Commission's recommendations. Southerners were unhappy with that idea and Ã¢â¬Å"immediately threatened a filibusterÃ¢â¬ , so Truman, unable to secure action from the Congress had no choice but to move ahead using his executive authority. Critics on Capitol Hill easily stopped his proposals. Some historians believe President Truman had hoped to unite the Democratic Party by promising civil rights to African Americans, but not pushing so fast as to alienate segregationists. Southern Democrats formed the Dixiecrat Party and nominated South Carolina Governor Strom Thurmond for president. President TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s Executive Board was the beginning step for further integration in the Armed Forces. Following President Truman's Executive Order, two boards were established to make recommendations about integration. A presidential commission chaired by Charles Fahy recommended an end to discrimination in jobs, schooling, assignment, and recruitment. In 1952 it was the Korean War that finally led to the desegregation of previously all-white combat unit. The main goal of President Trumans Executive Order 9981 was to grant equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin. Ã¢â¬Å"There shall be created in the National Military Establishment an advisory committee to be known as the President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services, which shall be composed of seven members to be designated by the President.Ã¢â¬ He also states that the Committee Ã¢â¬Å"shall confer and advise the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Air ForceÃ¢â¬ . Over 2.5 million African-American men registered for the draft, and black women also volunteered in large numbers. While serving in the Army, Army Air Forces, Navy,
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
(i) Tourism can lead to a multiplier effect. What is meant by the term multiplier effect? (4) The term multiplier effect refers to the resulting effect of a service or amenity creating further wealth or positive effects in an area. For example, tourism in an area will create jobs in an area, therefore the employees of the tourism industry will have some extra money to spend on other services, and therefore improving these other services in that area, allowing further employment in the area. (ii) Explain with examples how tourism can lead to a variety of employment types, at the point of origin or destination. (9) In any area, tourism will require people to create the tourism experience and enhance the visitor's enjoyment of the location. Firstly, the origin of the traveller, for example, the UK, will create its own employment opportunities even before reaching the destination. The travel agent which books the holiday is only the first step. The bank or finance service with which the individual obtains the money from in order to fund the holiday will also play a major role in the process, whilst also creating jobs at home. For the security and safety of the passenger, medical services and insurance will also be required to make sure the trip is not disrupted to a great extent should illness or theft, for example, be an occurrence on their excursion. Secondly, the employees of the destination's airport or sea port allowing the transition from transport to forwarding destination goes as smoothly as possible. After this the hoteliers, caterers, porters and cleaners at the hotel will be needed to encourage a further visit to the area, as if the stay in the hotel is favourable, many people will be enticed to return on future holidays, therefore generating further revenue for the hotel and local services. During their stay the tourists will require entertainment, an opportunity to sample the local food and possibly see the sights the area has to offer by taking a guided tour or coach tour of the surroundings, all of which require people (hopefully local to avoid leakage of revenue back to MEDCs) to man the activities and therefore will create employment in the local area. The need for personal service, such as being waited upon, or having a personal tour guide means that the tourism industry is likely to employ many people during the course of the high season. This means that the people involved with tourism for the most part will have to seek employment elsewhere, as the tourist season is concentrated in the peak season (mostly summer for areas such as Southern Spain, however for skiing or winter activities in areas such as Switzerland or Austria, this may differ). The tourist work is also likely to be temporary from year to year, low paid and informal, with payment cash in hand. This would indicate a transient industry and would suggest that the host country would benefit from a diversified industry away from tourism, such as exporting oranges, wine and Seat cars in Spain, however their most prolific industry is tourism, with many Europeans seeking Ã¢â¬Ëwinter sun' in the Costa's. B. The economic benefits of tourism almost always outweigh the environmental costs. Discuss (20) Firstly, we should consider the economic benefits of tourism for a country. As an example of this, I shall use Spain, a key destination for many Europeans. Indeed, revenue from tourism in May 2000 reached $2654 million (Ã ¯Ã ¿Ã ½3158 million), an increase of 22% over May 1999. The first five months of 2000 saw a revenue increase of 9% over the same period in 1999, totalling $9.6 billion (Ã ¯Ã ¿Ã ½11.5 billion). This is obviously a huge figure, and is Spain's key industry, as is true of the rest of the world, as can be seen in China, a country not renowned for it's tourist industry, however Ã¢â¬Å"China earned 28.8 billion Yuan ($3.5 billion) in tourism revenue over the week-long Labour Day holiday as nearly 74 million people took to the roadÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â (LatelineNews: 5.9.01), however much of China's tourism appears to be from within the country, unlike Spain where much of the tourists come from the surrounding countries and much of northern Europe, for example Germany, Fra nce and England. The destination country gains huge benefits from the influx of tourists onto its Ã¢â¬Ëshores'. Not only does the country's revenue increase by a large amount, but there is a greater employment rate as the tourism industry is so labour intensive, creating a multiplier effect in the region, allowing economic growth and other services to develop to serve both the locals and the tourists alike. An improved infrastructure is developed which the locals can benefit from, for example airports and better roads, as can be seen in destinations such as Fuerteventura, an island in the Canary Islands, which has experienced tourism only over the last ten years or so. Even now, there is rapid and continual growth, with new tarmac covered roads being created everyday, as a pose to the original dirt tracks still in evidence today, however, work continues. However, it is important that the heritage and traditional culture of the area is not lost altogether. In some areas, such as Majorca, its main city, Palma has disappeared amongst Ã¢â¬ËIrish' pubs, clubs and a concrete jungle of high rise apartments for a mass tourism experience. In this case, the real culture of the region has disappeared altogether, at least along the sea front. In the main part of the city there is a beautiful cathedral, which has been there since the first Spanish settlers. This type of culture, the language of the people and the local traditions, such as the siesta need to be retained, before the experience of a holiday becomes a home from home experience; in other words, a warmer version of the origin country, such as the UK. This is why eco-tourism and other types of Ã¢â¬Ëalternative' tourism such as Antarctica and quiet city breaks have become more popular. There are other downsides to tourism for a host country apart from the loss of heritage. Firstly, the amount of people tourism attracts is vast, up to 59million in Spain alone in 2000. (Source: Ministerio de EconomÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½a y Hacienda). This may sound good, however if each tourist rented a car or took a bus to their destination hotel or villa, then the less developed infrastructure of the country will not necessarily be able to cope with the massive influx of traffic, normally in a very limited space and time frame (i.e. Ã¢â¬â peak season, and near the popular destination in the host country, such as the coast). This will have an inevitable result of creating air pollution in the immediate area. The local resources will also be stretched to the limit as the population capacity (both physical and perceptual capacity) is reached. In many of the destination countries, the water supplies are short being in a warmer region than most. Therefore the water supplies are put in jeopardy as the tourists take up much of the population's water supply, leaving the local population to survive on very little. Obviously this is not an issue in some of the cooler climates, such as Austria where skiing is the main attraction, and the area itself is much more lush than some of the areas I am generalising, such as Spain or Greece. Another key problem is the way in which the tourism industry attracts people from outside of the cities and tourist resorts, such as farmers and rural communities, whom are attracted to the money being generated in the highly density tourist attractions. This will also increase pollution, population and pressure on the area. With the mass of people being attracted to an area, the more housing and other buildings are required to facilitate these employees, tourists and other groups. The environment is therefore detrimentally affected as the buildings destroy habitats, which along the coastlines of many countries can prove to be areas of natural beauty, which are covered by tourist resorts, in a matter of a few years from the start of tourism in a country aimed at this type of mass tourism. These mass resorts need an outlet for the waste they produce as much as three times as much waste as is produced by the country in low season, an indication of the environmental impact that the tourists have on an area. Therefore, it is evident that there are both positive and negative economic (in the form of economic carrying capacity being too low in low season) effects, which appear to outweigh the highly negative effects on the environment in the host country. Indeed, there is a need for a review on how to create a sustainable solution to the difference between the two aspects of a country's development. If a satisfactory conclusion is not met in relation to sustaining the environment in a given area, it is unlikely that the tourism industry will survive as the tourists will be repelled by the poor environmental quality. Sustainable ecotourism or simply a reinvention of the processes involved in transport, waste disposal and the impact the tourist has on the environment need to be implemented in order to create a tourist destination which will last the host country long enough to become established and diversified in many industries.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Description Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a condition that generates waves of anxiety, anger, aggression, depression and suspicion; threatens a personÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of self; and interferes with daily life functioningÃ¢â¬ (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle Cheever, 2010, p. 99). As human beings, we are built with different type of emotions and feelings that can endanger us or benefit us. When faced with a traumatic life event, an individual will either overcome the event and become stronger from the experience or that event can hinder the person causing them to experience the signs and symptoms of PTSD. According to Carrion and Kletter (2012), (as cited in Gabbay, Oatis, Silva Hirsch, 2004) Ã¢â¬Å"epidemiological studies indicate thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The study revealed that Ã¢â¬Å"internalizing symptoms may play an even more important role in predicting delinquency than youthsÃ¢â¬â¢ level of risk for maltreatmentÃ¢â¬ (Bender et al., 2011, p. 83). According to Bender 2011, child abuse and neglect are among the high risk factors in the development of post traumatic stress disorder. In the United States for instance, there have been millions of cases reported for child abuse and neglect (Bender et al., 2011, p. 81). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Individual Therapy Studies has shown that the most used treatment for adolescents with PTSD is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) . According to Rezvan, Baghban, Bahrami, Abedi (2008), CBT acts by trying to replace disgusting memories and recurring fears with multiple adaptive coping responses (p. 309). A study was conducted by Allen, Oseni, and Allen (2012), on a 16 year-old Caucasian male called Adam, who presented with symptoms of Post traumatic stress disorder that came from him witnessing his brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s death. His brother got into a car accident which left him in critical condition and sadly pass away shortly after being admitted to a hospital (p. 633). Adam presented with experiencing feelings of sadness and sense of hopelessness, chest pains, lightheadedness, difficulty sleeping, nightmares, episodes of anger and other symptoms of panic attacks. Adam completed six months of CBT therapy sessions which was conducted by a clinical